The most common eye diseases. What are they? We have always heard that it is very important to have your eyes checked or to take care of your eyes. This is not something we should take lightly, as our eyes are the organs we use most in our lives, along with our ears. Through no fault of our own, we can develop certain diseases that are easily treated such as myopia or hyperopia to more serious things that require surgeries. In this post, we will explain the most common eye diseases, what they are and how to treat them.
What are the most common eye diseases?
We start with classic myopia, which is an anomaly or defect of the eye that produces blurred or unclear vision of distant objects; it is due to an excessive curvature of the crystalline lens that causes the images of objects to form a little before reaching the retina. In short, "not seeing at a distance". It is the most common anomaly, especially in students.
For this type of problem, there are several solutions. If there is very little, we can fix it with low prescription glasses and only use them for driving, for example. On the other hand, if there is a high prescription, prescription glasses become the main solution and it is important to wear them all day long as they will give us more comfort and avoid problems.
Hyperopia is the opposite of farsightedness, as we will find it difficult to see close objects or to read, for example. This, a priori, should not cause many inconveniences as a pair of reading glasses should be enough. In fact, it is not a good idea to use this type of glasses constantly as the only thing we get is to aggravate the problem.
It also falls into the group of common anomalies or diseases. It occurs in the curvature of the eye and the effects are blurred vision both near and far. Astigmatism occurs when the cornea has irregular curves. The main consequence is that the eye does not focus light evenly on the retina, producing this effect, which I am sure you are familiar with:
Again, this disease can affect both children and adults and the most common symptoms are headache, blurred vision, squinting for clearer vision and eyestrain. However, this disease can nowadays also be treated with glasses, contact lenses or surgery. Surgery is probably the strangest or riskiest sounding.
Refractive surgery is a procedure that permanently changes the shape of the cornea. What is achieved is that light is reflected correctly.
Presbyopia is the progressive loss of the ability to focus on objects, due to the rigidity of the crystalline lens. Normally this is a problem that appears with age and it usually appears from the age of 40 and begins to deteriorate until the age of 70, but the ideal is to have regular check-ups.
This problem is also easily solved with glasses or contact lenses. But there are also other more advanced options such as refractive surgery or lens implants. The ideal is always to consult a specialist who will make a thorough diagnosis of the problem.
In conclusion, here is a brief summary of the most common eye anomalies or diseases. In any case, this article is merely informative. If you want a clear diagnosis because you notice any discomfort, we recommend that you see an optical specialist who can carry out the necessary tests to see what the problem is.
In Cristales Gafas we have a wide range of prescription lenses created by the best manufacturers that adapt to the anomalies that we have described above. Do not hesitate to contact us for any questions you may have. Our professionals will be delighted to help you.